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Der Kauf einer Lederjacke -- Verratsgelder. Der Oberstkriegsgerichtsrat hatte rasch seine Anklage parat. Am November begann er eiligst, die Anklageschriften zu formulieren; in einem Monat setzten er und Gehilfe Falkenberg Seiten Anklagetext ab. Diese Paragraphen erlaubten Roeder formaijuristisch, die Vernichtung von nahezu allen Freunden und Mitarbeitern Schulze-Boysens und Harnacks zu fordern.

Adolf Hitler konnte mit seinem Inquisitor zufrieden sein. Schumacher wollte sich aufrichten.

Sie sind Kurt Schumacher? Haben Sie alles verstanden? Das Ganze dauerte kaum eine Minute. Nicht anders erging es den Verteidigern der Angeklagten. Der Angeklagte Grimme lernte seinen Verteidiger erst wenige Minuten vor der Hauptverhandlung kennen, in dem Augenblick, als der Anwalt "das Zimmer betrat, in dem wir auf die Hauptverhandlung warteten. Kannten wenigstens die Verteidiger die Anklageschriften? Zudem stand der Zweite Senat in dem Ruf, der liberalste des Reichskriegsgerichts zu sein. Sein Vorsitzender, Darmstadts ehemaliger Oberstaatsanwalt Dr. Dezember um 9. In wenigen Stunden erging das Urteil: Tod durch den Henker.

Fast ebenso zweifelsfrei war das Belastungsmaterial, das Roeder am Dezember vorlegte, als die zweite und wichtigste Angeklagten-Gruppe abgeurteilt werden sollte: Harro Schulze-Boysen und Dr. Zwei davon betrafen jene unfreiwilligen Helfer Schulze-Boysens, die Informationen geliefert hatten, ohne in die Arbeit der Spionagegruppe eingeweiht gewesen zu sein, die eher Opfer und Werkzeuge denn Agenten der Roten Kapelle waren.

Ergebnis: zehn Jahre Zuchthaus. Der Luftwaffen-Chef behielt recht.

Schmauser, teilte nicht die "weichen" Auffassungen des Kameraden Kraell. Roeder konnte in seinem Feldzug fortfahren. Denn jetzt, am Aber Spionage, Landesverrat? Der sonst so erinnerungsstarke Kraell konnte "mit eindeutiger Sicherheit nicht mehr angeben", worin der Landesverrat der Rehmer-Gruppe bestanden haben sollte, und Beisitzer Ernst kombinierte dunkel, es habe sich wohl "nur um Nebenerscheinungen gehandelt".

Adam Kuckhoff -- Todesstrafe. Wilhelm Guddorf -- Todesstrafe. Philipp Schaeffer -- Todesstrafe. Doch Frau Kuckhoff mochte nicht mehr an ein gutes Ende glauben. Da ermutigte sie gerade der Mann, von dem sie die geringste Hilfe erwartet hatte: der Anklagevertreter. In einer Verhandlungspause kam er auf sie zu und legte ihr seine Hand auf die Schulter. Das Urteil war am In the contemporary era, artillery pieces and their crew relied on wheeled or tracked vehicles as transportation; these land versions of artillery were dwarfed by railway guns, which includes the largest super-gun conceived, theoretically capable of putting a satellite into orbit.

Artillery used by naval forces has changed with missiles replacing guns in surface warfare. In some armies, the weapon of artillery is the projectile, not the equipment; the process of delivering fire onto the target is called gunnery. The actions involved in operating an artillery piece are collectively called "serving the gun" by the "detachment" or gun crew, constituting either direct or indirect artillery fire. The manner in which gunnery crews are employed is called artillery support. At different periods in history this may refer to weapons designed to be fired from ground-, sea-, air-based weapons platforms; the term "gunner" is used in some armed forces for the soldiers and sailors with the primary function of using artillery.

The gunners and their guns are grouped in teams called either "crews" or "detachments". Several such crews and teams with other functions are combined into a unit of artillery called a battery, although sometimes called a company.

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In gun detachments, each role is numbered, starting with "1" the Detachment Commander, the highest number being the Coverer, the second-in-command. Batteries are equivalent to a company in the infantry. Regiment A regiment is a military unit. Their role and size varies markedly, depending on the arm of service.

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In Medieval Europe , the term "regiment" denoted any large body of front-line soldiers, recruited or conscripted in one geographical area, by a leader, also the feudal lord of the soldiers. By the end of the 17th century, regiments in most European armies were permanent units, numbering about 1, men and under the command of a colonel. During the modern era, the word "regiment" — much like "corps" — may have two somewhat divergent meanings, which refer to two distinct roles: a front-line military formation.

In many armies, the first role has been assumed by independent battalions, task forces and other, similarly-sized operational units. However, these non-regimental units tend to be short-lived. A regiment may be a variety of sizes: smaller than a standard battalion, e. Household Cavalry Mounted Regiment. At that time, regiments were named after their commanding colonels, disbanded at the end of the campaign or war.

In the 17th century, brigades were formed as units combining infantry and artillery that were more effective than the older, single-arms regiments. By the beginning of the 18th century, regiments in most European continental armies had evolved into permanent units with distinctive titles and uniforms, each under the command of a colonel; when at full strength, an infantry regiment comprised two field battalions of about men each or 8—10 companies. In some armies, an independent regiment with fewer companies was labelled a demi-regiment.

A cavalry regiment numbered to troopers. On campaign, these numbers were soon reduced by casualties and detachments and it was sometimes necessary to amalgamate regiments or to withdraw them to a depot while recruits were obtained and trained. With the widespread adoption of conscription in European armies during the nineteenth century, the regimental system underwent modification. Prior to World War I , an infantry regiment in the French, German and other smaller armies would comprise four battalions, each with a full strength on mobilization of about 1, men; as far as possible, the separate battalions would be garrisoned in the same military district, so that the regiment could be mobilized and campaign as a 4, strong linked group of sub-units.

A cavalry regiment by contrast made up a single entity of up to 1, troopers. A notable exception to this practice was the British line infantry system where the two regular battalions constituting a regiment alternated between "home" and "foreign" service and came together as a single unit.

In the regimental system, each regiment is responsible for recruiting and administration. The regiment is responsible for recruiting and administering all of a soldier's military career. Depending upon the country, regiments can be administrative units or both; this is contrasted to the " continental system " adopted by many armies. In the continental system, the division is the functional army unit, its commander is the administrator of every aspect of the formation: his staff train and administer the soldiers and commanders of the division's subordinate units.

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Divisions are garrisoned together and share the same installations: thus, in divisional administration, a battalion commanding officer is just another officer in a chain of command. Soldiers and officers are transferred out of divisions as required; some regiments recruited from specific geographical areas, incorporated the place name into the regimental name. In other cases, regiments would recruit from a given age group within a nation, an ethnic group, or foreigners.

It was formed in onwards from training and demonstration troops stationed in Germany , to provide additional armored strength for the anticipated Allied invasion of western Europe , it was the only Wehrmacht Panzer division to be equipped with tanks and with halftracks to transport its mechanized infantry. On several occasions it fought to destruction, in particular during Operation Cobra , by the end of the war in Europe bore little resemblance to the unit, activated. Panzer Lehr began forming in 30 December and moved to the Nancy—Verdun area in January to complete the process, it was formed from several elite demonstration units.

Most of the division's original cadre was drawn from Panzertruppenschule I and Panzertruppenschule II , the Panzerwaffe's major training units; these training and demonstration units were some of the most experienced and trained troops in the Panzerwaffe , with all having seen combat in the East, North Africa , Sicily or Italy and many having received decorations for bravery. As a result of this, Panzer Lehr was considered an elite unit from the time of its formation.

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In early , Panzer Lehr was transferred to Hungary for further training as well to serve in Operation Margarethe , the occupation of the country by German forces; the division absorbed the st Panzergrenadier-Lehr-Regiment while there. Moreover, all the battalions in both panzergrenadier regiments were transported by tracked, armored vehicles, such as the Sd.

This is in contrast to ordinary Wehrmacht panzer divisions, where only the first battalion in the first panzergrenadier regiment was equipped with halftracks, with the remaining battalions equipped with trucks. The division's engineer and reconnaissance formations were equipped with armored vehicles, the armored reconnaissance battalion having a company of the new Sd.

Funklenk-Panzerkompanie attached while in Normandy ; the division's panzer regiment had a total complement of operating tanks and assault guns as of 6 June plus nine tanks and assault guns under repair. It was soon released, reached the front, was committed to battle against the British and Canadians on June 8.

It was placed in the front line adjacent to the 12th SS Hitlerjugend Division , where it defended Caen and fought several British offensives to a standstill. On 13 June , an attack by the 22nd Armoured brigade group of the British 7th Armoured Division outflanked Panzer Lehr's defences around Tilly-sur-Seulles and cut through the German lines, taking the village of Villers-Bocage and threatening Panzer Lehr's rear.

Elements of Panzer Lehr, the 2nd Panzer Division, the st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion were committed to defeating the British penetration; the ensuing Battle of Villers-Bocage saw the British withdraw to their start lines after two days of inconclusive fighting. By 17 June, Panzer Lehr had been forced to withdraw. Like all German armoured units engaged in Normandy, Panzer Lehr suffered heavy losses in its transport from Allied air attacks.

By the end of June, the division's armoured component was depleted. Despite this, it continued to hold against the British and Commonwealth forces, engaging in heavy fighting near the town of Tilly-sur-Seulles. By the end of June, the Panzer Lehr Division had suffered 2, casualties and reported the loss of 51 tanks and assault guns, 82 halftracks and other vehicles. The bocage made it difficult for armor to maneuver and provided superb defensive positions to the infantry on both sides of the battle.

On 10 July, Panzer-Lehr launched a counterattack against elements of the American 9th. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For the wargaming series, see Panzer Grenadier series. See also: Corps colours of the German Army — London: Amber Books Ltd, Archived from the original PDF on Retrieved Authority control GND : Categories : Military ranks of Germany German panzergrenadier divisions Infantry.

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  • YouTube Videos. Army mechanized infantry dismount from an M armored personnel carrier during training in M3 halftracks and infantry on exercises, Fort Knox, June The vast majority of the world's countries—including all the great powers—eventually formed two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis.

    The League of Nations assembly, held in Geneva , Switzerland , Benito Mussolini inspecting troops during the Italo-Ethiopian War , The bombing of Guernica in , during the Spanish Civil War , sparked fears abroad Europe that the next war would be based on bombing of cities with very high civilian casualties. The Austrian Armed Forces are the military forces of the Republic of Austria and the main military organisation responsible for the national defence. Austrian Guard Company during the Bastille Day parade.